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What is the difference between cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery

What is the difference between cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery

The term Plastic Surgery comes from the Greek word “plastikos” meaning “to shape or to mold.” Plastic surgery is an exciting field of medicine that encompasses cosmetic surgery, skin and laser care, skin cancer removal, reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, birth defects (cleft lips and palates). Cosmetic surgery has been pioneered.


Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery are both medical and surgical techniques that alter some part of the body from its current state to a new state, whether that alteration is an elective enhancement or a restorative procedure. The terms “cosmetic surgery” and “plastic surgery” are often used interchangeably. Yet, if a distinction is to be made, cosmetic surgery is dedicated to cosmetic appearance enhancement of the body while plastic surgery is the specialty of repairing defects.

What does plastic surgery address?
Plastic surgery or plastic reconstructive surgery addresses physical defects from birth defects or defects that have resulted from an accident, trauma, or surgery (such as skin cancer removal surgery). A certified plastic surgeon is skilled and experienced in the advanced techniques of body reconstruction and repair of these defects.

How do I know if my surgeon has the qualifications to perform my surgery?
If you are seeking cosmetic surgery for enhancement, you will want to make sure your surgeon is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. . It is important to research your potential surgeon to be sure he or she does not have any complaints against his or her license. More than one complaint or an advanced complaint that has resulted in disciplinary action are signs that you may want to pursue another surgeon. If you are seeking reconstructive surgery, be sure your surgeon is skilled and certified in the advanced techniques of plastic reconstructive surgery.

My surgeon is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Is that good?
Yes. That means your surgeon graduated from an accredited medical school and “completed at least five years of additional training as a resident surgeon in a program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Medical Education or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.” 1 Surgeons certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery are specialists certified to treat the entire body. That means they are specialists in treating the facial features, neck, extremities, and the rest of the body. They are certified full body “reconstructionists.”

Who is the right surgeon for my procedure?
Finding a qualified physician whom you can trust and who is sensitive to your needs should be your ultimate goal. Dont be afraid to ask your surgeon questions or tell him that you are researching his history and results before you commit. A competent, qualified surgeon will respect your research and appreciate your personal investment.

1. The American Board of Plastic Surgery, retrieved from website on February 18, 2012.

Killed in Bangladesh Garment Factory Fire

Killed in Bangladesh Garment Factory Fire

Officials in Bangladesh say at least eight people died in a garment factory fire in the capital late Wednesday.

The fire erupted in the Tung Hai Sweater Factory in Dhaka’s Mirpur district after most workers had gone home.

Authorities say police and garment factory officials were holding a meeting in the 11-story building when the fire broke out.

Earlier Wednesday, the Bangladesh government said it had shut down 18 garment factories for safety reasons following the April 24 collapse of a building housing five garment factories. The death toll from that incident has risen to more than 900.

Bangladesh’s $20-billion textile industry accounts for nearly 80 percent of the country’s exports.

The U. S. state department says it held a conference call with U.S. buyers of Bangladesh ready-made garments Wednesday and urged them to work together with factory owners, labor organizations and the Bangladesh government to improve labor safety and the lives or working people. In a statement the department said it encouraged the buyers to coordinate their efforts, which might include paying for independent safety and fire inspectors.

Facelift Surgery in Yorkshire

Facelift Surgery in Yorkshire

Facelift surgery or rhytidectomy as its known in medical terms has risen popularity as a surgical procedure thats designed to reverse the effects of ageing by removing wrinkles.

As you age, your facial muscles tend to loosen and your skin begins to lose its elasticity, creating wrinkles and folds. Facelift surgery Yorkshire can give you a more youthful and fresh appearance by minimising wrinkles and folds. The surgery can give you a full facelift or it can simply lift your brow area, lower face or neck.

The procedure involves removing of excess or sagging skin from the neck, chin and cheek areas and then smoothing the skin whilst tightening the tissue underneath. In recent years, facelift surgery Yorkshire has become popular among men and women alike for aesthetic as well as medical (reconstructive) purposes.

What does facelift surgery involve?

A typical facelift surgery is carried out by making an incision along the hairline, starting at the temple and proceeding downwards while curving behind the ears underneath and back up to the next ear. If your jaw line is also sagging, the incision goes up to the chin. Upon completion of the incision, the skin is lifted and the overlapping excess skin is trimmed away.

What kind of results can you expect?

The results you see is dependent on the reason you underwent surgery in the first place (aesthetic or reconstructive purposes). Youll notice that the wrinkles on your face will have gone along with the lose skin around your neck and other areas. Your face will appear young, fresh and firm.

If your expectations are realistic, you will be very happy with the facelift surgery Yorkshire. The best part is that facelift surgery results have been reported to last for 7-10 years. You must keep in mind, however, that the surgery does not halt the ageing process. Instead it will allow you to age gracefully as you look much, much younger than your actual age. Consulting with a good cosmetic surgeon will allow you to fully understand the results that you hope to get. You can even ask your surgeon to show you before and after photographs along with 2D or 3D images to get a complete understanding of what results you can expect. It is imperative that you realise, facelift surgery Yorkshire is a route to an improved look and not the perfect face.

Closing thoughts

Always ensure that you check your cosmetic surgeons credentials and track record before going in for surgery. You can do this by checking referrals, affiliations and of course getting details of procedures he/she has done before. The initial consultation will give you a good opportunity to clear all doubts that you may have. A good surgeon will be very patient when handling your questions and will make sure he/she takes time and explains all there is to know about the surgery in great details to ensure that your mind is at complete ease.

From Country Girl Casual To Socialite Fashion Doll Clothing

From Country Girl Casual To Socialite Fashion Doll Clothing

Sewing Denim for Fabric Dolls

Want inspiration for a wonderful new doll garment? Try denim! Denim is a wonderful choice to make a doll appear authentically from the farm or it transforms her into a socialite dressed in a classy garb! Sewing with denim is so versatile and is really an excellent staple for your dolly’s clothes closet when sewing for dolls.

Supple, flexible, and lightweight, 100% cotton denim is a really good option when working with denim. It’s best to launder and dry the fabric, which adds to the softening before sewing. Finishing the edges by zig-zagging will stop unraveling. Seam allowances are best when kept at ” when working with a doll clothing pattern. You can use the same style stitching you would on a t-shirt sleeve, reducing thickness, but add the finished look of topstitching with a heavier thread. This extra sewing also lends strength to the seam for a new favorite garment when sewing with denim.

Denim is such an adaptable material! You could utilize it to sew many clothing designs when using denim to sew for dolls.

Sew work jeans and a complimentary plaid top for dolly to use with her cowboy boots while she is busy on the farm or ranch, pushing cows or collecting eggs from under the hens.

Make a cute, denim skirt for dolly to wear while she sips a soda with a girl friend. Add a cozy sweater or a warm, crotched hat as an embellishment.

Make a denim clutch purse to go with any adorable set of clothing Dolly has.

Add a stylish top, colorful headband and dressy footwear for Dolly to go to the theater with her mother. She could wear this fancy outfit to work in as a fashion designer. Along with her silky hair scarf which is great along with denim, she’s stylin’!!

Add a sweatshirt and a sling pack to accompany some slim jeans and tennis shoes for the baseball game at the field.

In addition, jeans look cool with tie-dye t-shirts! Denim is one of a kind and accepted everywhere as “let’s have” fun clothes, but it also has its moments of glamour also! Attach rhinestones to pockets or purses and bags. Add sequins and beads in the shape of a puppy, a kitty, of even a shooting meteror to delight the little princess who owns Dolly. You can have cascading beads and sequins sloping from the front pocket down to mid-thigh for a special look.

Denim is really good with western fabrics, but don’t be afraid to pair it with a little silk, chiffon, or other “fancy” fabrics. Suede and leather or faux-leather will also compliment denim and create a fashion feel in your dolly’s clothing that you have made. View what kinds of designs are available in kids’ clothing, in particular jeans, and copy that for your dolls’ clothes.

When sewing doll clothes patterns, denim is one basic material that you shouldn’t ignore! It is a necessity for all doll’s closet. If you are seeking a relaxed, work garment for chores on the farm, or for a stylish garment for the corporate job or night on the town, denim is a perfect pick for every doll. Sewing with denim is a ideal means to enhance your dolly’s wardrobe!

Sari At Different Places With Different Styles

Sari At Different Places With Different Styles

Sari means a strip of cloth, which is a word of Sanskrit. It is said to be one of the most versatile garments. It is an unstitched piece of cloth, which is in between four to nine yards. Females mostly in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Srilanka, Burma, Singapore, Malaysia and Bhutan wear it. It was traced by the Indus valley civilization.

How it is worn

It is worn over a petticoat, as it is also known as choli. One of the most common styles of wearing a sari is to wrap the sari around the waist and then drape it over the left or right shoulder. Many designers say that there are more than 80 ways to wear it. A very famous designer says that she knows more than 50 ways of how a sari is worn.


Some of the famous styles of draping are Oriya styles, Nivi style, Gujarati style, Maharashtrian, Bengali style, Kodagu style, Dravidian style, Kunbi style, Tribal styles, Malayali style, gond and many more. The most popular style is the nivi style.

Fabric and other embellishments

The fabrics used for making it are net, chiffons, georgette, silk, crape, tissue, banarsi and satin too. To make the saris more elegant you can have tila work, mirror work, zardozi work, makaish, diamantes and cut dana work done on them. Pearls and sequences can also be seen on saris. Block printing and stonework is also done on them.

Politicians and celebrities

Very famous female politicians like Indra Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi and Sushma Swaraj as well as many celebrities wear it too. They wear it in movies, dramas and even on awards ceremonies. They also promote their culture when they wear it.

All around the world

It is also worn all around the world. It is very famous in countries like Bangladesh, India, Srilanka and Nepal. In Srilanka it is worn in two different styles, one is the Kandy style and the other is the Indian style. Many people in New York or in other countries have opened their shop and they sell saris for their Indian, sri lankan or western crowds who love saris.

As a uniform

Many females who are an air hostesses, army officers, army doctors, police officers and hotel staff also wear saris. Women in different professions wear saris of different colors and material, which are given to them.

Different occasions and styles

In the Indian subcontinent, different regions have introduced different styles in the past years. Some of them are Central Styles which includes Chanderi, kosa silk or maheshwari. Another style is eastern style which includes muslin, tussar silk, moga silk, bapta silk and many more. Western, southern and eastern styles are other styles. On many occasions like Diwali, wedding ceremonies, dandiya, reception and sangeet the saree is worn with different colors and elegant work on them.

For daily wear

In villages and mostly the female servants in India, Srilanka or Bangladesh wear saris during their daily routines as well. They wear saree of a very light fabric like lawn or cotton of different colors and motifs.

Newly wedded brides

In many countries like Pakistan where sari is not mostly worn but newly wedded brides wear saris, which are usually of banarsi or chiffons with beautiful stone work.

Online shopping

They can be bought online too. People sitting in any country can choose any sari and make some changes if needed and order them. They can easily get their ordered sari within the time limit given to them by the designer.

Custom Made Clothes Your Style, Your Rules, Your Own!

Custom Made Clothes Your Style, Your Rules, Your Own!

Most Americans buy clothes the old fashioned way , off the rack. Why not right? Its more convenient, it goes with the current fashion trend and it’s a lot cheaper. But custom tailored shirts and other pieces of clothing have their advantages as well. If you have the cash to spare, why not live a little and enjoy a few luxuries in life wearing clothing that’s just right for you and nobody else have. Here are a few reasons why you should consider custom made clothing.

One obvious factor is fitting. Since custom made suits, for example, is made according to your own measurements, you can be assured that the finished product will fit you best. Custom made clothing also has a way of being custom fitted to bring about ones good assets and hide imperfections. Every piece of clothing should make you feel food about yourself and bring about a certain degree of self confidence. Clothing sold in malls and other retail shops tend to look good on the thin and physically petite body. On larger sizes, you simply look too big. With custom made clothing, you can look your best inside clothes that fit you perfectly, brings out your body’s assets and give you a classier look.

With custom made casual and formal wear, you can also choose from hundreds of thousands of different designs. Some tailors have books filled with some of their original designs. A wide array of styles to choose from and each is unique. Lets face it, when it comes to attending parties whether its proms, weddings, or formal dinners, who wants to show up with the same dress as somebody else. Everyone wants unique elegance and everyone deserves to stand out in some manner. That is the tragedy you risk when you buy your dresses off-the-rack. Chances are, someone you know is already planning to wear the same thing. With custom tailored clothing you can choose from a variety of designs or have the tailor draft up a new design just for you. Now that’s style!

Another advantage is that custom tailored clothes look better over time. As time goes by, your custom made dress shirts and formal wear mold to your body making it look better as you wear it. With the usual stuff you buy at department stores, they can actually wear off. But since custom-made is custom-made, the piece of clothing can look good on you for a long time.

Whilst it is true that custom made clothing is far more expensive than the usual you get in the mall. There are sometimes where when you want to feel good about yourself and you’re looking to stand out with a piece of garment that lasts longer and looks far better, going to the tailor may just be what you need.

You can buy your usual clothes in the local mall and yes, you can have fun wearing them. But when it comes down to it, you don’t just want to buy any old piece of clothing. You would want to stand out, be unique, be different. You want to fit into your own clothes and look good wearing them so you wouldn’t have to get into clothes that are just the right style but not the right fit. So splurge a little and learn a thing or two about clothing along the way. Live and enjoy and find ways to make yourself more interesting and more confidant

Five Shopping Tips For Buying A Rash Guard

Five Shopping Tips For Buying A Rash Guard

Are you on the market for a rash guard? If you’re shopping for rash guards there are some very important factors you need to consider before you make a purchase. Maybe you need a rashguard for surfing, sports, martial arts, grappling, or just spf sun protection. Whatever your reasons for buying this type of garment, you need to make sure you’re shopping decisions are smart ones because this purchase is sensitive to your health. There are very important things to evaluate before spending any money on a rashguard, such as the fabrics used, the comfort and protection guarantees, pricing considerations, the origin of the manufacturer and several other important variables. Read on and this short buying guide will help you become an expert rash guard shopper in just a minute or two.

1.Materials and Fabric
The best rash guards are made with Lycra and Nylon, which are two fabrics that when blended together provide the optimum rash protection and flexibility. The proper composition of fabrics is about 80% Nylon and 20% Lycra, which has been scientifically tested by various rash guard manufacturers. Some companies create a garment made of spandex, or blend of spandex and cotton because those materials are cheaper than good quality Lycra. These “knock offs” of real rash guards are often poorly crafted and fall apart easily. Not to mention the limitations in SPF protection!

2.Comfort, Sizing, and Satisfaction Guarantee
Clothing items are probably the most challenging products to shop for on the internet, especially form fitting rash guards. If you order a rash guard online, or any clothing for that matter, you’d be wise to make sure the company you’re dealing with offers and exchange program. When you receive your rash guard, try it on and check for any bothersome areas, scratchy surfaces, and any areas that might cause irritation. After all, we want to prevent rash not create it.

3.Rash and SPF Sun Protection
Quality rash guards offer both rash protection and a strong SPF protection. “SPF” stands for “Sun Protection Factor” which is commonly measured as a percentage of how much of the harmful UV/UVA sunlight rays are blocked. You want a rash guard with at least 95% SPF rating because this allows you to wear it without having to worry about sunscreen. The company promoting the garment should be able to guarantee the SPF rating with certification from a radiation testing laboratory.

4.Affordable Price and High Quality
Rash guard prices on the internet generally range from about $20 to about $40 in most cases. Well known brands try to charge the higher amounts because they print their logos all over them and make them look more appealing to shoppers. However, these bigger surf brands are not offering any better materials, protection, or comfort guarantees than the smaller companies who focus on quality rashguards rather than branding. If you want to pay $10-15 more for a ‘logo’ that’s okay, but if you are just interested in a high quality rash guard with a nice color, optimal comfort, and total protection, there are companies who offer that value without the big price tag.

5.Origin – Is It “Made in USA”?
If you buy a rash guard that was manufactured overseas in places like China, you are likely signing yourself up for disappointment. Specialty Lycra fabrics and professional “flat lock” stitching is required for achieving the sun protection, durability and flexibility you want, especially if your shopping for surf rashguards. Most overseas operations have goals to mass produce rather than use careful quality control in their manufacturing. Make sure the company you buy your rash guards from displays a “Made In USA” promise.

Now that you know what to look for in a rash guard and the company selling the rash guards, feel free to begin shopping. There are many good companies out there, so how do you know where to start? Well, like any online shopping experience you can start with any references that friends have provided you, and follow the resources provided by people offering quality information around the product. Shopping for a rash guard can be fairly easy if you’re using the guidelines I’ve just provided you, so keep your eyes open and shop smart.

Tyler Collins is Vice President of Surfing Smooth Inc, Orange County, CA. a company specializing in surfing apparel, beach wear, and sun protection technology in clothing. For rash guards and more information on sun protection, visit website:

History Of Mini Skirts

History Of Mini Skirts

Mary Quant ran a popular clothes shop in the Kings Road, Chelsea, London called Bazaar, from which she sold her own designs. In the late 1950s she began experimenting with shorter skirts, which resulted in the miniskirt in 1965-one of the defining fashions of the decade.

Owing to Quant’s position in the heart of fashionable “Swinging London”, the miniskirt was able to spread beyond a simple street fashion into a major international trend. Its acceptance was greatly boosted by Jean Shrimpton’s wearing a short white shift dress, made by Colin Rolfe, on 30th October 1965 at Derby Day, first day of the annual Melbourne Cup Carnival in Australia, where it caused a sensation. According to Shrimpton, who claimed that the brevity of the skirt was due mainly to Rolfe’s having insufficient material, the ensuring controversy was as much as anything to do with her having dispensed with a hat and gloves, seen as the essential accessories in such conservative society.


The miniskirt was further popularized by Andr Courrges, who developed it separately and incorporated it into his Mod look, for spring/summer 1965. His miniskirts were less body-hugging, and worn with the white “Courrges boots” that became a trademark. By introducing the miniskirt into the haute couture of the fashion industry, Courrges gave it a greater degree of respectability than might otherwise have been expected of a street fashion.

The miniskirt was followed up in the late 1960s by the even shorter micro skirt, which has been referred to derogatorily as a belt or pelmet. Upper garments, such as rugby shirts, were sometimes adapted as mini-dresses. Tights or panty-hose became highly fashionable, in place of stockings, specifically because the rise in hemlines meant that stocking tops would be visible. Mary Quant cited this development in defense of the miniskirt: “In European countries where they ban mini-skirts in the streets and say they’re an invitation to rape, they don’t understand about stocking tights underneath”.

Mini Skirt

If one fashion item could sum up the 60s it would be the mini-skirt. Opinion is split on who came up with the idea-the wise money would probably go on a Frenchman, Jean Courreges, but our own Mary Quant is widely accepted as having dreamt up the ever more daring hemline.

Within a year anybody who had the body to pull it off was wearing a mini. In New York the norm was 4-5 inches above the knee but over in Swinging London anything other than 7-8 inches above the knee was considered positively decent!

The usual look was to pair what little was left of the skirt with matching sweater and tights for a uniform look. When, in 1968, Jackie Kennedy wore a white Valentino miniskirt for her wedding to Aristotle Onassis its place at the pinnacle of fashion was confirmed.


During the mid-1970s, the fashion industry largely returned to longer skirts such as the midi and the maxi. Journalist Christopher Booker gave two reasons for this reaction: firstly, that “there was almost nowhere else to go…the mini-skirts could go no higher”; and secondly, in his view, “dressed up in mini-skirts and shiny PVC macs, given such impersonal names as ‘dolly birds’, girls had been transformed into throwaway plastic objects”. Certainly this lengthening of hemlines coincided with the growth of the feminist movement. However, in the 1960s the mini had been regarded as a symbol of liberation, and it was worn by some, such as Germaine Greer and, in the following decade, Gloria Steinem, who became known for their promotion of women’s issues.

1980s and 90s

In the 1980s, short skirts began to re-emerge, notably in the form of “rah-rahs”, which were modeled on those worn by female cheerleaders at sporting and other events. In the mid-80s the “puffball” skirt enjoyed short term popularity, being worn by, among others, the Princess of Wales and singers Pepsi and Shirlie. Many women began to incorporate the miniskirt into their business attire, a trend which grew during the remainder of the century. Films and television series made in the mid-1990s (Friends , Sex and the City, Ally McBeal, for example) show how ubiquitous the mini had become again. In the BBC TV series keeping up Appearances (1990-5) the snobbish Hyacinth Bucket was frequently outraged by the brevity of her sister Rose’s skirts.

21st century

Around the turn of the 21st century, hipster trousers became highly fashionable for women. The micro has been reworked as an even less substantial belt-skirt, which is more an evocation of the idea of a skirt than something that covers anything substantial. It may perhaps also provide rhythm for the hipline. Due to its revealing nature, the belt-skirt is rarely worn in public. Miniskirts are also seen worn over trousers or jeans, or with leggings that provide coverage of each leg from above the knee. Although “floaty” skirts were most closely associated with the boho look of the mid noughties, short skirts also featured in some outfits and in London, for example, minis were more widespread during the hot summer of 2006 than for several years, a trend that continued through the mild autumn and winter and into the following summer. Mini skirts are now becoming more common for younger generations.

Leather Test Methods For Colorfastness And Color Measurement

Leather Test Methods For Colorfastness And Color Measurement

The discolored results of numerous machine washings and the Early fading of manufacturing textiles are indications of a lack of quality. This is why color fastness tests are gaining international meaning.

There are a quantity of test methods systematically used for colour fastness and for dyes. The more significant are:

– Grey Scale for Assessing Change in Colour: This Grey Scale is for assessing changes in colour of leather in colour fastness tests, for example, wash fastness, perspiration fastness, etc. The scale consists of nine pairs of grey colour chips all representing a visual difference and contrast.

– Grey Scale for Assessing Staining: This Grey Scale is for assessing the degree of staining caused by a dyed leather in colour fastness tests. For example, the staining of wool and cotton fabrics in the wash fastness, perspiration fastness, etc. The scale consists of nine pairs of grey colour chips each representing a visual difference and contrast.

– Colour Fastness of Leather to Light: This method is intended for determining the resistance of the colour of leather to the action of a standard artificial light source. The Xenon lamp has an emission wavelength profile close to daylight. The side to be tested of the leather sample is exposed to light from a Xenon Lamp, under controlled conditions, along with eight blue dyed wool standards (blue scale). The light fastness is assessed by comparing the fading of the leather with the fading of the blue standards. The fading is typically made in 2 exposure times to better assist the evaluation.

– Colour Fastness of Leather to Mild Washing: Fastness of the colour of leather to hand washing is the resistance to washing under mild domestic laundering in water. In washing leather, not only changes in colour can
Occur in the leather, but coloured substances may bleed from it and may stain adjacent textile materials.

– Colour Fastness of Leather to Machine Washing: Fastness of the colour of leather to machine washing is the resistance to washing under domestic machine laundering in water. In washing leather, not only changes in colour can occur in the leather, but coloured substances may bleed from it and may stain adjacent textile materials.

– Colour Fastness of Small Samples to Dry Cleaning Solutions: This method is intended only for determining the resistance of the colour and the finish of leather to dry cleaning solutions. It does not cover the suitability of composites or complete leather garments to dry cleaning processes.

– Colour Fastness of Leather to Migration into Plasticized PVC: The colour fastness in respect of migration into plasticised poly(vinyl chloride) – PVC – is the transfer of colour from leather to white plasticised PVC at 50 C. The side of the leather sample to be tested is placed on a white pigmented sheet of
Plasticised PVC and the composite specimen is exposed to heat under pressure in an appropriate apparatus for16 h at 50 C.

– Colour Fastness of Leather to Perspiration: By fastness of colour of leather to perspiration is meant its resistance to the prolonged action of an artifical perspiration solution.

Another way of test is Chrome-free leather. This leather has gradually gained commercial importance, particularly for automobile upholstery applications. In many respects, however, chrome-free leather is inferior to chrome-tanned leather. UV and heat are known to be more detrimental to chrome-free leather than to chrome-tanned leather, especially in regard to the colorfastness of dyestuff and mechanical properties. Temperature, UV radiation, and humidity are key environmental factors that affect leather properties. The role of humidity and its interaction with UV radiation and temperature on leather properties, however, are not clear to the leather industry, and this information is needed for formulation of antioxidants that will protect chrome-free leather from UV and heat damage.

How Doctors Treat Abdominal Hernias

How Doctors Treat Abdominal Hernias

An abdominal hernia is caused when the fatty tissue or an organ will push the lining on the inside of the abdominal wall through a weakened part in the abdominal muscles. The area might be weakened due to age, birth, or past surgical incisions that have been made for other conditions.

The bulge that it creates will become very noticeable and can hold tissue, fat, and intestines. Doctors do have the ability to reduce the bulge by pushing the tissue or fat back into the abdominal cavity that it came from. If successful the hernia will become flat and will disappear all together. However, there is a chance that doctors may not have the ability to reduce it.

Being able to reduce it will depend on how far it is sticking through the abdominal wall and how well the abdominal muscles are holding it in. If the hernia is not able to be reduced they will repair it with surgery. Without surgery the hernia – which might contain intestine – can lose its supply of blood and die because of strangulation. Strangulation from an intestine can block digestions, cause immense pain, and gangrene in the area of the intestine. Emergency surgery will help to repair it.

There are several treatments to use for abdominal hernias:

Traditional Repair Surgery

Traditional hernia repair surgery is when the surgeon will make an incision in the wall of the abdomen close to the hernia. They will move the hernia back into the abdomen and close it while repairing and making the damaged part of the abdominal wall even stronger.

Hernia Repair Surgery

This is the most effective and most popular method of treatment that doctors will prescribe for patients. There are risks still involved in this surgery as with any surgery. However, if the surgery is successful you will have no more pain and discomfort from the hernia.


During laparoscopy a fiber optic viewing tube and other instruments are used to help repair the hernia. During this procedure you will not have to worry about a large surgical incision being made. You will recover faster than if you were to use surgery.

Supportive Truss

There is a special garment that is used that helps to reduce the symptoms and causes of a hernia. This is called a truss. It is an elastic brief or band that will hold the hernia into the abdomen and keep it flat. While this can keep the hernia from sticking out it will not cure it.

Abdominal Hernia Symptoms

Pain while coughing
Pain when lifting anything
Bulge underneath the akin near the abdomen
Pain during bowel movements
Pain after sitting or standing for long periods of time