Moncler is one of the most prominent and well established companies which possess a very great command in the manufacturing of the latest designing moncler clothing for almost all seasons. The clothing designed by the brand name of Moncler is generally manufactured for those people who desires for something new and awesome look in their life by having the moncler clothing in their body. All the design is of the Herve Leger Dresses is perfectly designed with the eminent use of the latest and emerging technology. Visit the site.It is a generally estimation that people of the modernized world are more conscious regarding their look and she desire for a unique and stylish look forever. For that woman who always wants to have a shine of charm in their look, the company dress is the perfect choice. the company dress is very helpful for the enhancement of the personality of the women who wears it. The herve leger dress creates a great impression on the minds of both the viewer as well as wearer for the dress too. Herve Leger Skirts used to deal with several sorts of latest designing dresses for women of all age groups.Herve Leger now indulges in the manufacturing of the latest designing herve leger skirts. The herve leger skirts are liked by the young girls of the modernized world mostly. They use to wear these skirts for the purpose of getting beautify and charming look forever and ever. The herve skirts are available in the market at the best possible lowest prices. The young girls of the modern era use to adopt the online mode of getting the best herve dress because the online herve stores offer the fast delivery of the requisite herve dress to their customers.The site is offering the online herve dress for special women generally used to deliver the requisite products in few days only after the placement of order of the relevant herve dress. There are some other companies too available in the market Herve Leger Strapless which used to deliver the online herve dress too for the young girls but the differences between them is that these companies do not supply the reliable delivery. The online sites offering the moncler clothing as well as herve dress are reliable as well as safe for the user to prefer. The site generally uses to take some suitable time for the online delivery of the requisite product.About the Herve Leger Dress Sale is one of the most prominent place for getting the low price herve leger dress like herve leger skirts in an online mode.
Evolution of Zippers:
Zipper is the brain child of Mr. Whitcomb Judson. It was introduced in 1893 at the Chicago World’s Fairthen with the name ‘Clasp Locker’. Gideon Sundback, an electrical engineer, who was hired to work for the Company designed the modern zipper in 1913. This zip had ten or eleven fastening elements (old one had only four) for an inch, two facing tows of teeth that can be pulled into one piece by the slider and increased opening for the teeth. The infamous zip came into existence, when B. F. Goodrich Company, wanted to use it for their new product boots. They renamed it as zipper which is in practice till today. It took twenty long years for the fashion industry to get convinced and accept zippers as a part of the garment.
Initially, during 1930s zippers were featured in childrens clothing complementing them for helping children to dress up quickly and by themselves. Zippers came into limelight in 1937 through the French fashion designers who used them on mens trousers. Esquire magazine described the zippers as “Newest Tailoring Idea for Men” The next big boost for zippers came when they were used on jackets and could be opened on both ends.
Types of Zippers:
Coil Zippers: This is the most commonly used zipper. They run on two coils on either side. There are two types of coils. One is the spiral coil, with a cord running inside the coil. The second one is in the ladder form called Ruhrmann type and is used mainly in South Asia.
Invisible Zippers: They have their teeth behind the tape whose color matches exactly with the dress color and the slider and so gives an invisible appearance. They are usually coil zippers and are used mainly in skirts and other dresses.
Metallic Zippers: These types of zippers are mainly found in jeans today. They are made of stainless steel, aluminum, brass, zinc, or nickel alloy. Pieces of metal are molded into teeth and are set in a tape at regular intervals. They can be painted in any color to match with the dress.
Plastic molded Zippers: They are similar to metal zippers except the fact that they are made of plastic. They can be easily made in any color of plastic to go with the product. Polyethylene resins and mainly polyacetal resins are used to make plastic zippers.
Open-ended zippers: They are used mostly in jackets and have a box and pin” mechanism to lock the two sides of the zipper into place. They can be any of the above specified types
Closed-ended zippers: This type is used mostly in baggage and is closed at both ends.
The key elements required for making a zipper is a stringer which consists of a tape and teeth assembly, a slider to open and close the zipper, and a tab to pull the slider. A separating zipper has a box and a pin instead of a bottom stop. The tapes are made either of cotton or polyester or a blend of both.
Making of the Metal Zippers:
The stringer is made by passing a wire through a rolling mill to form a Y shaped wire. This is then cut to make the tooth for the zipper. The tooth is then punched into a scoop with a die and is put in a slot on a rotating turntable. The turntable is rotated to 90 degrees and another tooth is fed into the slot. This tooth is clamped into a cloth tape. In a second method, the wire is passed through a head and pocket punch, to make scoops. A blanking punch cuts the scoops and makes the Y shape. The legs of the scoop are then clamped to a cloth tape. This method proved faster than the previous Sundbacks method. Yet another method is prevalent wherein a chain of teeth in molded and clamped around a cloth. This cloth is injected with molten zinc under pressure. The mold is cooled by the water and shapes the teeth. Residues are finally trimmed.
Making of the Plastic Zippers:
Stringers for plastic zippers are made similar to metal ones. Two methods are prevalent to make plastic zippers. In the first method, a round plastic wire is fed in between two heated screws. One screw rotates clockwise, and the other one counter-clockwise. This rotation forms loops in the wire. A head maker presses the loops into a round knob. It is then cooled. Left and right spirals are made simultaneously from two different machines, so that they match with each other. Under the second method both left and right spirals are made from the same machine. A piece of wire is looped twice between notches on a rotating forming wheel. A pusher and head maker works at the same time to form the notch and the head at a time. This process makes a zipper that is already linked together in a cloth tape. Superior quality of plastic zippers is
Made by weaving them directly into the cloth like weaving.
A zipper should meet the textile quality standards. Once manufactured, the zipper is tested for its flatness by passing a gauge set at a certain height. If the gauge touches the zip many times, it means the zipper is defective. It is then tested for its straightness by laying it across a straight edge and is scrutinized for any curving. Zippers are tested with small steel balls to test coating for abrasion. They are also tested for shrinkage. Two marks are made in the tape, and they are measured before and after washing or heating, to check if there is any shrinkage in its length. Normally light weight zippers will have one to four percent shrinkage and heavy weight zippers will not have any.
This seasons womens fashion accessories and necklaces for women trend is something to get keyed up about. It’s coming back with a bang and some goodies these accessories for women will add up some very latest and funky twist & twirl to their tastes. In 2012 you will observe the blend between soft, elusive and sporty, with the most admired and trendy color ranges being portrayed as neutral, dispassionate, temperate and sober. There are various other colors schemes thrown in as well, such as browns, blues, reds, violets and pinks and you will also come across neon green, sea blue, chrome yellow etc making a dash into the latest womens fashion trends . Amalgamation the down-to-earth, simple and sober tones with outrageous, extreme and bold designs is the in-thing this season of 2012 and dont forget to match your attire up with some delightful, enchanting and fun accessories for womens from the latest collection of Daniela Zagnolli. It is forecasted by many fashion professionals and experts that the year 2012 is one of the most motivating, appealing and exciting years so far as the fashion trend and designing is concerned.
Daniela Zagnolli every year comes up with new designers, designs and standards in the world of fashion and this year Zagnollis new collection 2012 is launched with plentiful of limited yet beautiful bracelets for women . An interesting and remarkable feature or element of Zagnollis new collection is that the classic styles of the yester years are now back as per latest designs and fashion trend, to add it up more; she has put in dash of sex, skin, metal and colors as well as accompaniments. Whats more, the accompaniments are adding more attitude, grace and glamour. On the whole, the womens fashion trends are mixing the classic with the latest and contemporary, creating and forming attractive, appealing designs for items like bracelets for womens, apparels and fashion accessories like handbags and clutches.
Shelving the elevated and insensitive tinge in the women’s fashion attires, even the glamorous outfit is undergoing reform, to a fragile and flimsy pattern during the current year. Malleable and bubbling styles united with active and sporty look this years casual wear trend, making all and huge difference in women fashion trends with heavy and intense patterns as well as prints. Bold, outrageous and extreme fashions are also there but all with an excellent and fine blend of fragility and delicacy. Most popular colors this season are blues, neutral shades, browns, chrome yellow, pinks as well as neon green.
Shopping fashion accessories online is considered as the best way to have the trendy and stylish accessories. There are many advantages of shopping fashion accessories online. The comfort of shopping fashion accessories from your home is one of the main benefits of shopping online. Online shopping makes it easier for you to find the various offers going on fashion accessories. Online shopping for fashion accessories offers you the access to some of the best brands at the click of a mouse. If you are hunting for fashion accessories for women that too for some special occasion or for an informal reason then stop looking here and there, the place from where you can get everything is online. Daniela Zagnollis online boutique is one short solution; you can find almost any kind of Women fashion accessories online. Be it a designer casual, glamorous outfit, trendy and designer handbags, clutches, necklaces, or any other accessory like bracelets for womens, you will find everything here at Zagnollis online boutique.
Spanx is the best place which provides women with comfort, care and fashion in lingerie and body wear. A place founded by Sara Blakely, it is run for women by women. Established in 1998 in the US by Sara Blakely, Spanx has been providing exquisite shape wear and classic lingerie which has captured the hearts of millions of women all over the world. In fact, Spanx was the pioneer in offering body-shaping apparel to the United Kingdom markets.
The haute couture retailers of trendsetting, revolutionary designs in shape wear bring luxury dressing to women. Sara Blakely founded Spanx with an investment of her savings. She created and patented footless, panty hose that was also a body-shaper. Spanx range includes these footless and footed hosiery, tights, and body shapers to give their customers a slim and smooth look wearing shoes of any style.
Spanx also sells bras, slips, panties, and lined apparel. Spanx products can be shopped for at great retail stores. Spanx has emerged a market leader of designs developing trendy and innovative hosiery for shaping the body, general apparel and other intimate apparel too. Some of the other products are Control Top Fishnet stockings (with and without a back seam), many styles in socks as well as knee-high leggings, full-length pantyhose, Super Spanx strong compression tights, and a trendy named brand of bra which is called Bra-le-lujah. There are light weight undergarments including underwear, camisoles, half and full slips, as well as snug bodysuits which are virtually seamless and provide a great fit.
A set of pants, tops, and skirts with under liners provide the slender effect that most women look for. Spanx products are manufactured from a Lycra and nylon mix material which is knit to produce the slender effect and also flatten tummy and thigh bulges. Spanx products also include maternity wear. They have collaboration for body-shapers in hosiery sold under the brand name Assets with a famous chain discount retailer, since the year 2006. Women like to dress with Spanx products to enhance their shape and figure.
The introduction of Spanx products was a shot in the arm for the hosiery industry. Spanx products have since developed many more body-shaping designs in hosiery and are providing to fashion needs of different types of women. Many product designs were conceived with the popularity of body-shaping hosiery products. In fact, Spanx introduced liner apparel when they extended to producing intimate apparel which portrayed the slender look to women when wearing pants, skirts, turtleneck sweaters and tops. The popularity of such liners led to Spanx introducing body shaping products called Hide and Sleek which consist of camisoles and strapless slips which are figure enhancing. Further these products provide great support; wearing comfort and minimized visible bulge lines give a chic look which most women desire. Many celebrities today are using Spanx products. It is popular choice of Hollywood stars.
The parties, occasions as well as special events might be produced unique and memorable with fancy dress ideas. Not merely are fancy dress ideas great for full costume liven up but numerous other accessories for are also obtainable. Exploring the full fancy dress options, many are available for women and men. The man’s fancy dress costumes use a lot of options that range from all the Any to Zs of well-liked characters in films and media nowadays. The men’s costumes variety has a significant period of time from the 1920s towards the 1980s as well as choices from popular superheroes. The ladies fancy dress even offers a extremely wide range of alternatives.
We can use these fancy dress ideas for almost any occasion. Typically the holiday season such as Halloween and also the Christmas season are good for fancy dress up events. We can in fact come because our favorite ghoul, monster and also vampire. The clothes at fairly realistic and have great impact. The actual ladies’ fancy dress for Halloween also has a certain degree of scariness but they are also fairly attractive. The vampiress halloween costume is actually a very good example. It truly is equally scary but alluring.
If we’re trying to find more comfortable options for a fancy dress up party we can pick funny hats this kind of character hats, hoodlum hats or personality hats. Even if it is not fancy dress up get together we can bring back the particular funny hat day at the office just to bring back the zest to our otherwise mundane business office work. But as a dress up party thought hats are also a great idea since they’re effortlessly wearable however comfortable and affordable.
To get a particular party we are able to appear up masquerade hats. Furthermore as comfy because funny hats however they produce a far more mysterious however fun atmosphere that can be uniquely loved by all our visitors. Many masquerade masks of shapes and sizes and colors can be found.
Nothing even so is better than a full fancy dress upwards party. Men’s and ladies concept are really offered however another good concept is always to have a superhero theme party.
The guests can come dressed in their preferred superhero or heroine. The choices cover the famous characters that we see about the Television but also with well-known characters in the DC and Miracle Universe. You can find Batman, Superman, Super woman and Wonder Woman costumes and Iron Man, Wolverine and Hulk costumes as the numerous superhero alternatives offered. See this fancy dress ideas.
Perfect fit men jeans in your wardrobe is a day saviour as it is comfortable and compliments easily with t-shirts, shirts as well as polo t-shirts. Buy jeans online in India that you can wear around the house, at workplace or on casual outings; blue jeans have become one of the essentials of our wardrobe. Despite its easy and casual look to find the perfect fit and buy jeans online in India is not that easy. Dark blue jeans tend to look a lot more for formal, so when buying jeans for casualwear look for lighter shades of blue. And the most important thing for your blue jeans is that you should be comfortable in them. Blue jeans for men are available in regular fit, slim fit straight cut and boot cut. Now Relaxed-fit jeans or regular fit jeans for men are loosely cut from waist to leg opening, are great for heavy built men. The spacious shape of these blue jeans won’t accentuate curves and bulges like other cuts will. Lean guys should avoid relaxed-fit jeans, as this cut can look loose and sloppy on skinny legs. For those who want the hipster style of skinny jeans but also want them to be comfortable Slim Fit is the best. This cut of jean is tapered in a similar style to skinny jeans but not to the form-fitting extreme. Straight-leg jeans are the most discreet cut you’ll find. Neither tapered nor excessively loose, this conservative style is ideal for those who want their jeans to be simple and classic. Men Shorts Online Well fitted and crisp styling in shorts for men exude comfortable elegance in checks, solids, cotton shorts, linen shorts and more. In stylish shorts the cuts are slimmer (like your favourite pair of jeans) and patterns range from bold plaids to seersucker; even everyday khaki is a fine choice. The secret to a great pair of shorts for men is finding ones that don’t stray away from a straight line running from hip to hem. And speaking of hems, yours should always end an inch or two above the knee. Cargo cotton shorts are a style of shorts that are built for both comfort and convenience. Cargo shorts feature extra pockets on the thighs to accommodate anything you can think to carry with you. Quality golf shorts for men styles you with confidence for weekend getaway. Men’s golf shorts from the designer collection give you cutting edge style and design in athletic shorts. Men’s golf shorts are cut to give you the ease of motion necessary. Look fabulous and feel great in popular golf shorts for men.
Fine jewelry is the perfect gift for a wide variety of occasions. Birthdays, holidays, graduation – all are the perfect reason to give fine jewelry. One of the newest trends is a “push present,” which is jewelry a husband gives his wife upon the birth of their child. Read on to learn our list of the top ten fine jewelry gifts.
1. Diamond Studs
Classic, elegant, and refined, you really can’t go wrong with a pair of diamond studs as a gift. A quality pair of silver, gold, or platinum and diamond studs can be worn every day without irritating the wearer’s ears, and they complement any outfit. If the woman you’re shopping for doesn’t have a pair of diamond stud earrings, this is definitely the first gift you should give her.
2. CHARRIOL Silver Stackable Cable Bangle Bracelet
Philippe Charriol, designer of CHARRIOL jewelry, draws inspiration from his passion for the arts, sports and travel as well as the Celtic culture, making him the first to use gold and steel cable as decorative jewelry. From the “Celtic Classique” collection, Charriol’s silver stackable cable bangle bracelets look great on any woman’s wrist, whether she’s out playing tennis or out on the town.
3. Tacori Stud Earrings
Tacori’s fashion jewelry line, “Island Rains Collection,” features many glamorous pairs of stud earrings, including blue topaz stud earrings, sky blue topaz and London blue topaz stud earrings, clear quartz over chalcedony, silver and 18k gold with prasiolite, and clear quartz over turquoise. These beautiful stud earrings are perfect for any woman with a passion for fashion.
4. CHARRIOL Black And Silver Cable Bangles
The Charriol “Celtic Noir” collection set of 10 black and silver cable bangles with white and yellow milgrain accented bars is freely inspired by the Celtic “torque” adornments. Just like the stackable bangles, they look stunning as a set.
5. Tacori Multi Strand Colored Medley Bracelet
For something really different and unique, try the Tacori multi-strand colored medley bracelet from the 18k925 collection. It highlights faceted candy-drop gems in honeyed Cognac Quartz, seafoam Prasiolite, saffron Lemon Quartz, Smokey Quartz and deep Rose Amethyst amongst luxurious chains of.925 silver that encircle the wrist like a dream. This Tacori bracelet is ideal for any woman who loves to shine.
6. CHARRIOL Black Cable Stackable Bangle
As a visionary leader of luxury products, CHARRIOL offers an entire collection of jewelry, watches, and accessories all utilizing their signature stainless steel cable-inspired motif. From Charriol’s “Celtic Noir” collection, the beautiful black cable bangles include three round or square diamonds that glitter and shine as the bangles bounce around. These bangle bracelets are wonderful for any fun and sporty woman.
7. Tacori Blue Topaz Ring
Three different rings from the Tacori “Island Rains Collection” feature blue topaz – one is regular blue topaz, one is sky blue topaz, and the other is a darker London blue topaz. Each ring is available with a solitaire topaz stone set against silver and 18k gold. There are also two other unique styles – one features two London blue topaz stones, and the other features a sky blue topaz, turquoise, and a London blue topaz stone. If the special woman in your life really likes topaz, you can’t go wrong with a Tacori blue topaz ring.
8. Rebecca Pear Shaped White Glam Film Earrings
From the Rebecca “Half Moon Collection,” these pear-shaped white glam film dangle earrings feature a Rebecca logo-engraved trim in bronze with an 18 karat pink gold overlay. They’re young and sassy, while still demonstrating marked elegance – the perfect gift for a high school or college graduate, or a great birthday present for women of any age.
9. Simon G. Diamond Earrings
Designer Simon G. doesn’t disappoint when it comes to his wide selection of diamond earrings. No matter what occasion you’re shopping for, and no matter what the woman you’re shopping for likes, you’ll be sure to find the right diamond earrings from Simon G. for a gift.
10. Black, Brown And White Diamond Ring
Black diamonds have recently made a resurgence, and along with them, brown diamonds have really hit the fashion scene. Consider a lady’s black, brown, and white pave diamond domed band from the Solomon Brothers. Set against stunning 18k red gold, this ring truly is a show stopper, and will garner compliments wherever it goes.
Just ten years ago plus size women were limited to clothes shopping in the two back corner racks of the local department store. We didn’t have a lot of selection in style and fit and really–we didn’t enjoy shopping for ourselves all that much. It’s hard feeling good about a wardrobe full of cartoon character t-shirts and too short stretchy pants, and it was disappointing to shop for more of the same.
Our choices in fashion were basic polyester stretch pants (remember those thick elastic waistbands ladies?), plain oversize t-shirts, and flowing, flowery polyester house dresses. Anything that was somewhat nice was stocked in limited quantities and at an exorbitant price.
Ladies we felt & looked frumpy and dowdy because that’s all we had to wear!
Today however, full figured women can now enjoy trendy and comfortable fashions–at prices most can afford. And with easy online access, we are no longer limited to what the local department stores choose for us. We can choose from denims, cottons, silks & satins. Flower prints, stripes, solids and polka dots. Well fitted career wear, two piece bathing suits, short pants, long pants–the sky is the limit and we have more choices than ever before.
Want to wear a fun, flirty skirt? Or a trendy tanktini on that fabulous beach holiday? No problem! It’s just a click away online. Your biggest dilemma will be choosing just one item out of the three or four that have caught your eye. What a shift from ten years ago!
Today taller plus size women can finally find those pants that fit both width AND length. And then there’s petite plus size fashions for women who are shorter than average. We’ve got fashion selections now that fit all heights of fuller figured women–short, medium and tall.
With online shopping, plus size fashion freedom has finally arrived for full figured women. Choose all the figure flattering and trendy styles you want and say goodbye forever to frumpy and dowdy. It’s time for us to shine like the beautiful women we truly are.
GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN MAHESH DATTANI`S `TARA` BY DR. RAM SHARMA, SENIOR LECTURER IN ENGLISH, J.V.P.G COLLEGE, BARAUT, BAGHPAT, U.P., INDIA
Mahesh Dattani has presented the bizarre reality of the woman playing second fiddle to man.This play opens with Chandan changed into Dan in order to absolve himself from the guilt of killing his sister.He has to bear the brunt of his grandfather`s and mother`s cruelty .He considers himself responsible for his sister`s death. In this play Dattani plays with the idea of female infanticide that is prevalent among the Gujratis and also suggests Patel`s hegemonic patriarchy when he insists that proper division in the gender roles be made Tara gives us a glimpse into the modern society which claims to be liberal and advanced in its thought and action. In a society which claims that its mothers are educated today and have `Devis ` like Durga, Kali, Saraswati , Lakshmi etc whom not only women but men also pay obeisance , differentiate between a male child and a female child.All the propagandas of equality between male and female , equal opportunities to women in all the fields are belied..Dattani`s deep preoccupation with gender issues leads to the emergence of the idea of the twin side to one`s self -quite literally embodied in one body and the separation that follows Mahesh Dattani mentioned in one of his interviews with Lakshmi Subramanyam : “I see Tara as a play about the male self and female self.The male self is being preferred in all cultures .The play is about the separation of self and the resultant angst“[p-134]1
.Erin Mee writes in the note of the play,
“Tara centres on the emotional separation that grows between two conjoined twins following the discovery that their physical separation was manipulated by their mother and grandfather to favour the boy[ Chandan] over the girl [ Tara] .Tara , a feisty girl who isn`t given the opportunities given to her brother [although she may be smarter ] eventually wastes away and dies. Chandan escapes to London , changes his name to Dan , and attempts to repress the guilt he feels over his sister`s death by living without a personal history .Woven into the play are issues of class and community , and the clash between traditional and modern lifestyles and values.“ CP [p-319]2
Patel and Bharati are educted parents but they created new discriminations. Bharati`s father, a resourceful person , is also considered to be one of the factors in this mishap. If Bharati had been led astray by her father`s high handed decision , why didn`t Patel put his foot down and stand against their decision?Father should be strong enough to fight this discrimination.The relationship of Bharati and Tara , mother and daughter is subordinated to her subjugation to the expectations of the society .She has no free will and her compassion for Tara , proves weak in her preference for her son Chandan. She plans for the surgery for the separation of the children and determines to offer her kidney to give a new lease of life to Tara .When Chandan enquires her if she has any plans for Tara , Bharati says,
“Yes, I plans for her happiness .I mean to give her all love and affection which I can give .Its what she deserves have can make up for lot[ CP p-349]“3
Bharati is quite much fearful about the future of her daughter,
“It`s all right while she is young .It`s all very cute and comfortable when she makes witty remarks .But let her grow up .Yes ,Chandan the world will tolerate you. The world will accept you- but not her! Oh! The pair is going to feel when she sees herself at eighteen or twenty .Thirty is unthinkable and what about forty and fifty! Oh, God ! [ CP p-349]4
Bharati tries to shed her burden of guilt by showing maternal love and concern for her daughter and to assert her moral superiority over her husbandShe also tries to expatiate by the act of donating kidney to her daughter which was ultimately futile.Dattani establishes that mother and daughter relationship is ultimately subordinated to the directives of patriarchy .All cultures and all countries by establishing values , roles , gender perception and prescribe unequal means to achieve.Dr. Thakkar occupies the one on the highest level throughout the play.Tara and Chandan are conjoined, Siamese twins who must be separated to survive. The dichotomy between the twin `gendered` selves is recognized , and a physical separation is made through surgery “ Like we`ve always been.Inseperable .The way we started in life.Two lives and one body in one comfortable womb .Till we were forced out—- And separated“ [ CP p-325]5
The problem begin when it is recognized that it has been unequal , unfair operation , with the mother , Bharati, her father and the surgeon collaborating to afford the male with better chances , physically -the second leg.Dr. Thakkar , the god -like `life giver ` is aware that the third leg would adhere better to the female half , and yet becomes party to the decision..Dan tries to define his other half, the feisty Tara “ She never got a fair deal .Not even from nature.Neither of us did .May be God never wanted us separated .Destiny desires strange things—–But even God does not always get what he wants.Conflict is the crux of life“`[ CP p-330]6
Mr. Patel , an emblem of male chauvinism , maintains his absolute authority in the decision making about the family Bharati is a pathetic victim of patriarchy .She was exceptionally conscious for her safety for Tara , not for the sake of Tara but for her own sake.It was irony of fate that Chandan and Tara were entwined in such a way that their separation was impossible .Chandan enjoyed greater preference and Tara was left to enjoy the position of a subaltern. The effort to separate them through surgery left Tara cripple for life. The suffering of Tara and Chandan is a symbolic justification to the perception that the grace of the relationship exist not in their separateness but in their moving in a coordination or interdependence.The famous theatre director Erin Mee writes“
Dattani sees Tara as a play about the gendered self, about coming to terms with the feminine side of oneself in a world that always favours what is `male` , but many people in India see it as a play about the girl child.“ [ CP-p-320]7
Tara was more enthusiastic and full of jest and spark of life .She had high aspirations which she could not accomplish because of her handicapped state while the boy was comfortably ensconced and had come to terms with his handicapped life,Why was then Tara denied the privilege of the good leg. Why? Is it because she was a girl ? Is being a girl in the society a curse. Why so much partiality and differentiation done to women in the country which has rich heritage and where women are otherwise placed on the pedestral Dr. Thakkar belied his godly profession and led himself to be bribed by Bharati`s father into becoming an accomplice in the bizarre act of severing the leg. He should have upheld his profession by denouncing the decision at his inception whereas he in a way took Tara`s life by severing the leg. His wise decision could have given Tara a safe, secured and complete life.Patel , meanwhile seems much beleaguered “Yes, call me a liar, a wife beater, a child abuser.It`s what you want me to be! And you .You want them to believe you love them very much “ [ CP p-354]8
Again he tells Tara , “ Tara , please believe me when I say that I love you very much and I have never in all my life loved you less or more than I have loved your brother.But your mother—-“ [ CP-p-354]9
This is why the play generates a death like response from Tara when she learns the truth, she was discriminated against , because of her gender, but not by her father- it was Bharart`s decision that deprived her of what she wanted more than anything else in the world- a second leg.Bharati`s father further strengthened his indulgence for male grand child by leaving his property after his demise to Chandan and not a single penny to Tara. Chandan and Tara`s maternal grandfather was a wealthy man. He was in politics and came very close to becoming the Chief Minister.His will is a testament of the kind of treatment that is meted out to girls in Indian society.Mr. Patel and Chandan are talking,
“PATEL. He [ grandfather] left you a lot of money. CHANDAN . And Tara? PATEL . Nothing CHANDAN. Why? PATEL It was his money.He could do what he wanted with it.[CP p-360]10
Patel`s attitude has also been negative. He belames his wife and father-in-law for the damage done cannot be denied. The fact that male is always given the greater chance is obvious from Patel`s planning for Chandan`s education and future career.No consideration whatsoever for her feelings! Tara is the victim of this collective social system.Her father, Mr. Patel , is not much different from his wife , though Bharati is guilty of a more serious crime against Tara. He continuously and doggedly favours Chandan when it comes to giving him higher education abroad. , and a career.
“PATEL .You are turning them against the whole world. BHARATI I am doing that. PATEL . Yes ! Look at the way you treat Tara .As if she is made of glass. You coddle her , you pet her, you sdpoil her, She`s grown up feeling she doesn`t need anyone but you.! BHARATI. What d`you want me to do? Just tell me in plain simple words what you want me to do and i`ll do it! PATEL. Let go. Just let go.And let me handle them. BHARATI. All right .You stay at home then ! You stay at home and watch what they can do and what they can`t .You remind them of what they can`t be. It`s easy for you to talk about their future and your plans.But tell them what they should do now .This day , this hour , this minute .Tell them ! I want to hear.! PATEL. Chandan is going to study further and he will go abroad for his higher studies. BHARATI. And Tara? PATEL. When have you ever allowed me to make any plans for her? [ CP p-352]11
But Tara could have made her defiency , her strength and fight the society to etch a place of her own.Tara is discoraged openly, notwithstanding her feelings in the matter , even though she is more intelligent , sharp and witty and would perform well if given ooportunities in life. Economic and cultural factors have been responsible for the antipathy against and inferiorization of the girl child .All these factors combine to create the social system in which the girl child has to live and die.Tara is killed by social system , which controls the minds and actions of the people.The trauma of coming to know the role her mother had played in her life , and the discrimination become too much for her. And why is she killed? Tara is not wanted. Girls are not wanted.
“TARA. Oh! What a waste! A waste of money .What spend all the money to keep me alive?It cannot matter whether I live or die. There are thousands of poor sick people on the roads who could be given care and attention , and I think I know what I will make of myself.I will be a crer for those people .I —- I will spend the rest of my life feeding and clothing those. —-starving naked millions everywhere is talking about.May be I can start an institution that will —- do all that.Or I could join Mother Teresa and sacrifice muself to a great cause.That may give— purpose to my —existence .I can do it .I can do it , can`t I ?I will be very happy if I could , because that is really what I want .That really —[with emotion].Oh! , bullshirt! I don`t care .I don`t care for anyone except mummy! [ CP- p-370]12
The above statement shows that Tara is not deterred by the injustice done to her by her parents but she presents herself as an empowered lady to face all the hurdles.She also shows her sympathy towards the downtrodden.She was bubbly and energetic girl who had all the qualities of a normal girl. If she had been given moral support by her parents .She might have shone like a star as her name signifies. Her life was a burden on this earth .This made her lose interest in life altogether .Further she refuses to go to physiotherapy or fill forms for college.
TARA.. How do you expect me to feel anything for anyone if they don`t give me any feeling to begin with? Why is it wrong for me to be without feeling? Why are you asking me to do something that nobody has done for me?[ CP p-371]`13`
Tara was a bright and shinning star which was a source of cheerfulness and happiness of the family.A complete life could have done wonders and she would have scored the limits which her brother Chandan couldn`t have.Tara`s potentiality was sacrificed on the alter of gender. Identity crisis becomes a chain with which a female is fettered when the question of choice between male and female arises.
“ TARA The hospital staff. At the reception , they asked me who I wanted to see. I told them. They asked me to wait .One of the nurses passing by recognized me .She drew the receptionist aside and spoke to her in a low voice .She thought I couldn`t hear what she was saying .But I heard ! She told her that she had received strict instructions from our father that I shouldn`t on any account be allowed to see mummy on my own .[Pause] Now tell me i`m imagining things .Tell me that he doesn`t hate me! [ CP p-373]14
It is noteworthy that discrimination against Tara continues even after her death.Chandan , who was always interested in writing , and who has come to England for higher studies , has transferred into Dan .He turns the story he writes into his own tragedy. Dan apologises to Tara for doing this “Forgive me , Tara .Forgive me for making it my tragedy.“`[ CP p-380]15
In the end I can say that Mahesh Dattani has very deftly revealed the theme of gender discrimination in this play.
NOTES AND REFERENCES 1-Subramanyam,Lakshmi[ed]. ,Muffled Voices: Women in Modern Indian Theatre, New Delhi,Shakti , 2002, p-134 2-Mee, Erin, A Note in the Play ,Collected Plays, Mahesh Dattani, Penguin Books, New Delhi, p-319 3-Dattani, Mahesh, Collected Plays, Penguin, New Delhi, p-349 4- ibid p-349 5-ibid p-325 6-ibid p-330 7- Mee, Erin, A Note in the Play, Collected Plays, Mahesh Dattani, Penguin, New Delhi p-320 8-Dattani, Mahesh-Collected Plays, Penguin Books, New Delhi, p-354 9-ibid -p-354 10-ibid p-360 11-ibid p-352 12- ibid p-370 13 – ibid p-371 14 -ibid p-373 15-ibid p-380
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