Jan 2 The Evolution Of Yoga Pants

Hatha yoga flowered in the West in the late sixties and early seventies when several prominent yoga masters traveled to America. They traveled the length and breadth of the country, introducing a new generation to an ancient practice. It didnt take long for their students to recognize the benefits of yoga and it continued to grow in popularity. Today, yoga is a household word.

There was no such thing as yoga apparel in those early days until entrepreneurial students started a cottage industry. Back then, the only pattern they had to work from was their pajamas. Pajamas were an interesting choice, since the word comes from a Hindi word that means leg garment, though pajamas were never actually worn by yogis in India, who traditionally wore nothing but a loincloth, if that.

Loose fitting, cool cotton pajamas provided a pattern, but in order for the pajama style pant to be functional as yoga apparel, some changes had to be made. Thicker drawstrings and heavier elastic replaced thin waistbands and heavier cloth was used instead of the flimsy cotton and synthetics used in the manufacture of sleepwear. The frequent choice of unbleached cotton reflected the growing trend towards natural, organic foods, as did the use of natural, earth-toned dyes.

Yoga pants were so comfortable that people wanted to wear them everywhere. Pockets were added and the market for them grew beyond the yoga community. Some of those small one sewing machine companies grew into larger boutique manufacturing companies. In an effort to compete in an ever-growing market, they refined their designs and the materials they used. Today, yoga apparel has become so popular that even fashion labels like Victorias Secret carry a range of yoga pants and tops.

The serious student of hatha yoga puts functionality ahead of fashion when they choose their yoga pants. Whether its one of the natural and synthetic blends like cotton/lycra or the natural fibers like hemp and organic cotton, theres never a problem finding yoga pants that are functional and look good, as well. Yoga pants that impede or restrict movement in any way are not really yoga pants theyre a fashion statement. When youre stretching into the standing tree pose (vrilshasana), you dont want to have to stop to adjust your pant leg and when youre lying on the floor, stretching your legs behind your head into the plow position (halasana), you dont want to feel like you have to hitch up the back of your pants. Yoga pants should move as fluidly and flexibly as the body of the practitioner and stay put around the waist.

With typical Western ingenuity, yoga was embraced and adapted to suit its new home, but basically it remains the same. There was little if any improvement needed to be made to the ancient art of hatha yoga. All that was needed was for us to create a range of apparel that suited the modern age. It may be a humble contribution to yoga, but its a welcome one, because yogas benefits are too numerous to be kept to the select few who prefer a loincloth to a pair of yoga pants!

Online Pochampally cotton dress material

Pochampally is located in Andhra Pradesh, India, is well-known for its Pochampally brand of fabrics, being cotton, silk or a combination of the two. Pochampally cottons are woven by the ikkat technique. Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique wherein bindings or substances resisting dye penetration are applied over the fibres in pre-determined patterns and then the threads are dyed. Alteration of bindings and using more than one colour for dyeing produces multi-coloured thread effect. Removal of the bindings and the subsequent weaving of the threads would form the desired pattern woven in the fabric. The determining characteristic of ikat is the dyeing of patterns, by means of bindings, on the threads prior to the weaving of the fabric. More the precision in the application of the resist bindings, finer would be the pattern formed. Ikkat is classified into single-ikkat and double-ikat styles. Pochampally cottons come in a wide range of colours and with unique patterns. The artistic excellence of ikat prints can be gauged from its traditional motifs of flowers, dancing girl, creepers, leafs, parrot, animals, birds, mythological characters and geometrical patterns. Most of the ikkat printed salwar kameez and sarees have repeated geometrical patterns of diamonds (rattan chowk), circles, squares, lines etc.

Unnati has a unique range of fusion salwar kameez where trending designs, patterns and colours have been incorporated in traditional styles of fabric making, and available in retail and wholesale. Examples of offerings are provided. The black and light grey with green Pochampally cotton salwar kameez has alternate black and light grey horizontal bands with zari embroidered buttis and a green patch border on the kameez. The plain green cotton salwar is a fitting contrast. The green silk chunni has a white floral embroidered border and black horizontal stripes on it. This pleasant piece would do for office, festivals, social events and even casual outings.

The Ikkat technique involves applying bindings which resist dye penetration to the threads in pre-determined patterns and then dyeing the threads. These threads are then woven to produce the desired pattern. When several colours are used, the dyeing process on the threads is repeated for each of the colours chosen. Then the fabric is woven with the multi-coloured threads into the pattern. Within the ikkat style of dyeing are variants of single-ikkat and double-ikkat. The tie-dye method is quite the reverse of the Ikkat style of dyeing. Here the threads are first woven and the resist bindings then applied to the fabric before dyeing it. The painstaking efforts of the weavers in maintaining the purity of dyeing and weaving, contribute largely to the uniqueness and pleasing appearance of the dress. Current trends see Pochampally cotton dresses with traditional designs, zari borders and elegant dupatta – a must-buy for festivals, traditional functions and even corporate wear.

Pink Damask Bedding Crib Sets Endowment And Smartness For Your Child’s Grove

Pink damask crib bedding is a good choice for future moms and dads who want to decorate a child’s space in a not so juvenile fashion. When the arrival of a sweet baby girl is imminent and it is time to create an educational and charming environment, a decorator using damask should realize that personal taste need not be entirely overridden by functionality.
Although the origins of damask are still in dispute, it is generally considered that this pattern of repeating botanical and/or animal images most likely started in China, making its way to India and Persia and ultimately a staple export of Damascus, Syria – consequently, the name Damask. The wealthiest classes of Europe were hungry for exotic fabrics, allowing the traders providing it to the affluent Europeans to charge an exorbitant price.
What was once popular has became more widely sold for creating a more gorgeous girls’ room–that item is damask. Now damask is affordable to everyone, making a parent’s choice to have damask linens in the nursery quite manageable. girls nursery bedding in damask is available in two ways. You can find damask and nothing but damask on various ensembles which are perfect for damask aficionados and damask purists or you can find ensembles which blend damask with other colors and patterns to tone down the damask just a bit.
One of today’s leading makers of baby bedding, Jo Jo Designs, carries a line of damask sets. Two of these sets, in particular, offer the traditional vintage look and feel of damask, while using more contemporary, updated colors. The richness of dark chocolate in combination with pink and turquoise have come together in the Bella Pink and Bella Turquoise set. Botanical patterns with a royal feeling on the damask bedding is just plain classic.
If the idea of damask is tempting to you for your little girl’s new space and yet you’d like to soften the usual feel of its elegance just a little bit, there are coordinated damask sets you can find online which incorporate some delicate patterned baby bedding. This lovely set is a sunny blend of a traditional damask botanical print in pink and white with the same colors echoed in polka dots, accented by lime green.
Ally Taylor’s, Riley collection, sporting a scrolled pastel green design, bordered in black and white gingham settled on a background of wonderful winter white is beautiful. With a damask bedding set, you will be able to create such a peaceful and beautiful space for your daughter that you can look forward to spending many a happy hour with her in that room for sure.

Traditional Indian Jewelry Facts

India has a history of extreme wealth and richness amongst the deprived and degraded local population. Nevertheless there was substantial middle class in periods of history. The symbol of wealth in ancient India was precious metals and stones or gems. These objects took to the form of body adornments that is called jewelry. The popularity of jewelry was much enhanced by local artisans who gave appealing look through indigenous design and innovative shapes.

Throughout its history of five thousand years Indian handicraft industry especially jewelry developed at a regular pace. The art and craft form grew continuously and turned into an industry that favored employment for local artisans all over India.

India is unique diverse country with equally diverse ethnicity hence the products are varied being typical of the regions. There are many communities in India who have been making jewelry items for centuries and have excelled in the art. The jewelry designs carry hall mark of the local communities and traditions. The appeal for Indian jewelry lies in this aspect.

In contemporary India there are growing numbers of fashion jewelry designers who inculcate modern design technology. The modern designs carry a touch of tradition Indian designs and hence create a unique product range which is quintessentially Indian. But the works of traditional artisans is more in demand and the product designs cannot be replicated even by the use of modern technology.

The jewelry industry in India utilized locally available materials like beads, elephant tusks, brass metals and gold and silver. The addition platinum made jewelry items more versatile. In India diamonds and other precious stones were mined since ages. The precious stones gave color and richness to jewelry items being produced in India. Gold silver and brass are commonly used in jewelry items. The Gold jewelry is much more in demand as Indian have a strong desire to possess the noble metal. Before buying Gold jewelry its carat ratings should be kept in mind.

In modern times Indian jewelry reaches far and wide to different countries of the World. It unique and traditional design and artistic excellence find great appeal. This has promoted many exporters of Indian handicrafts to collect, manufacture and the ship to suppliers in foreign countries in bulk.

Indian jewelry can now is bought online thanks to the Internet. The ecommerce websites have secure shopping carts and payment systems. These sites are also known as online jewelry shops or stores. It is best to verify the credibility of online jewelry shops in order to be safe.

Sari At Different Places With Different Styles

Sari means a strip of cloth, which is a word of Sanskrit. It is said to be one of the most versatile garments. It is an unstitched piece of cloth, which is in between four to nine yards. Females mostly in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Srilanka, Burma, Singapore, Malaysia and Bhutan wear it. It was traced by the Indus valley civilization.

How it is worn

It is worn over a petticoat, as it is also known as choli. One of the most common styles of wearing a sari is to wrap the sari around the waist and then drape it over the left or right shoulder. Many designers say that there are more than 80 ways to wear it. A very famous designer says that she knows more than 50 ways of how a sari is worn.

Drapings

Some of the famous styles of draping are Oriya styles, Nivi style, Gujarati style, Maharashtrian, Bengali style, Kodagu style, Dravidian style, Kunbi style, Tribal styles, Malayali style, gond and many more. The most popular style is the nivi style.

Fabric and other embellishments

The fabrics used for making it are net, chiffons, georgette, silk, crape, tissue, banarsi and satin too. To make the saris more elegant you can have tila work, mirror work, zardozi work, makaish, diamantes and cut dana work done on them. Pearls and sequences can also be seen on saris. Block printing and stonework is also done on them.

Politicians and celebrities

Very famous female politicians like Indra Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi and Sushma Swaraj as well as many celebrities wear it too. They wear it in movies, dramas and even on awards ceremonies. They also promote their culture when they wear it.

All around the world

It is also worn all around the world. It is very famous in countries like Bangladesh, India, Srilanka and Nepal. In Srilanka it is worn in two different styles, one is the Kandy style and the other is the Indian style. Many people in New York or in other countries have opened their shop and they sell saris for their Indian, sri lankan or western crowds who love saris.

As a uniform

Many females who are an air hostesses, army officers, army doctors, police officers and hotel staff also wear saris. Women in different professions wear saris of different colors and material, which are given to them.

Different occasions and styles

In the Indian subcontinent, different regions have introduced different styles in the past years. Some of them are Central Styles which includes Chanderi, kosa silk or maheshwari. Another style is eastern style which includes muslin, tussar silk, moga silk, bapta silk and many more. Western, southern and eastern styles are other styles. On many occasions like Diwali, wedding ceremonies, dandiya, reception and sangeet the saree is worn with different colors and elegant work on them.

For daily wear

In villages and mostly the female servants in India, Srilanka or Bangladesh wear saris during their daily routines as well. They wear saree of a very light fabric like lawn or cotton of different colors and motifs.

Newly wedded brides

In many countries like Pakistan where sari is not mostly worn but newly wedded brides wear saris, which are usually of banarsi or chiffons with beautiful stone work.

Online shopping

They can be bought online too. People sitting in any country can choose any sari and make some changes if needed and order them. They can easily get their ordered sari within the time limit given to them by the designer.

General Knowledge for Kids Quiz

Kids in the 21st century are far faster than their counterparts from the 20th century. They are very well aware of their surrounding and alert on the latest happening. Unlike how parents had to force children to know the current affairs, children today are well informed by the media. Not only in fashion also in trends but also in games, politics and careers.

Hence when parents induce children to take up general knowledge studies it hones their existing knowledge and they are trimmed to meet the challenging outside world.

General knowledge for kids quiz books are easily available on bookstands, shops and book depots in India. Infact you get a wide range of choice depending on your underlying requirement. So from current affairs to history, culture, languages, religion and more, general knowledge spans far and wide and can be addressed in the particular subject.

General knowledge quiz contests are regularly held in schools and colleges so that children have a reason to dig into GK books to learn and study what they have never heard of. These quizzes have even gone national with contests like the Bournvita Quiz contest that was held for school students across the country. It gives them an opportunity to look outside school textbooks that have a set curriculum to study.

For instance when they take up GK on history, children study not only emperors and queens that are easily found in textbooks, but they also study the culture and currency that existed then, the form of communication and transportation, how the economy survived and grew? What were the main occupations and how it evolved over a period of time?

As a child mind is like a bottomless pit there is no limit to the information you can fill it with. They devour everything they read and still have space for more. Once the child is interested in a particular subject, he or she can read the variety of books available. For instance if it is history they learn the weapons used, the type of metal, how it was formed, where it was found? Interest once developed can go a long way for the child. It can turn out to be fruitful as the child’s career or at least as an eye opener.

Children love to increase their general knowledge, no doubt you can see them peering at the atlas or asking a whole lot of questions. You can help increase your child’s knowledge by teaching them the Name, Place, Capital game. Where one from the group says all the alphabets while another stops the reciting and then everyone immediately pens – a person’s name, country, and its capital with the letter that was stopped at, within a timeline. This helps build your child’s geographical knowledge.

You can play similar games on different subjects, so your child has a healthy knowledge on varied subjects. Inculcating the habit to pick the newspaper and read is a good start for children. It helps them be aware of the political and socio issues.

For instance when at a party or a gathering if somebody pops a question to your son or daughter regarding the temperature of the city, he or she should not be dumfounded. These are important subjects and often conversation topics. Hence once your child is adept with the latest they will always be updated and ahead in life.

There are many ways of improving your kids knowledge and make him aware of various strange facts such as penguin facts. To know more about these click on the links and learn many more general knowledge questions which could help your child to enhance his intellect.

Kundan Jewelry

The jewelry of India knows no bounds in its offerings to the modern world. This is because India must be one of the most prolific countries when it comes to making jewelry, whether it be the simple enjoyable ones or the highly delicate ones that are intricate in its designs. There are just many types of Indian jewelry that even the young could find what they want among its offering of beads and shells in interwoven colorful threads. One of the most highly regarded Indian jewelry nowadays is the kundan jewelry.

Kundan jewelry is made of gold that is highly refined and is known as kundan in India. Indian jewelers also have another meaning of the word. For them, kundan is not only the gold that is made into a jewel but also the type of setting on which they set the precious stones. Kundan jewelry is not made of real solid gold. Its center part is made of lac or a natural resin made from hardened tree sap. The jewelry pieces that makes the whole kundan jewelry, which are usually justified into hollow separate halves, are usually handled by separate jewelers or assistant jewelers for its shaping before they are fitted together through soldering. Holes are then bored into the separate halves of the kundan jewelry, once they are fitted together to make the pattern designed by the jeweler. These holes are where the stones are set. Any engraving is done before the hollows of the kundan jewelry are then inserted with lac. Because the lac could still be seen through the holes in front, the highly refined kundan gold is poured on the setting to cover the lac and only then is the stone pushed right into the still pliable kundan.

Kundan jewelry is also one of the old types of jewelry in India because the style on which it was made was used only way back when claw settings were still yet unknown in the country. Then, kundan jewelry had its precious stones were only set in gold and it wasn’t only until the nineteenth century that claw settings were introduced and used by the jewelers in India. This was during the Rajastahan empire when kings paid their jewelers handsomely for the exquisite kundan jewelry that they made that called for excellent craftsmanship.

There are now a lot of kundan jewelry available in the market and they could even be bought online. There are spectacularly designed kundan jewelry necklace sets that come with earrings. The most common are those that have uncut diamonds and other precious stones set in gold. Among the commonly used gems in kundan jewelry are emeralds, rubies and sapphires. This kundan jewelry, though, is often just a replica of the original one made in the eighteenth or seventeenth or nineteenth centuries. The original pieces could sell for as much as $200,000 or more per set.

Buying kundan jewelry nowadays may have been made more attainable for those who have deeper pockets as compared to the olden times when only kings and queens could afford them. Having kundan jewelry replicated and sold at lower prices is a welcome alternative for those who could not afford to buy the original antique pieces.

Pure silk sarees

Silk Sarees are the perfect attire for ladies of all ages and occasions of all sorts. Silk sarees always have enjoyed a special charm about them and have been the choice of Indian women who want to wear good quality sarees for festivals, occasions or for special days.

Silk mainly achieved from silkworm that is an insect. Pure silk sarees is very rare to get from the market now days because to reduce the cost, manufacturer started mixing the other materials along with silk. Due to this the quality of silk also degraded slowly. There are several government farms to check the production of silk.

And these farms not only produce the silk but also manufacture the product of the silk in form of sarees and other attire in pure form.

Though the cost of pure silk sarees is more than the other materials but pure silk sarees are in demand now days allover. The wearing of sarees shows the culture of India, along with that the pure silk sarees maintain the standard of living among the people and communities. The feeling of standards we can see in every individuals especially women. There are various verities of silk saris all over the world. And its very popular in India. South Silk is famous in south India; also Chennai silk is famous in Chennai.

Manufacture of pure silk saris that comes with the best designs and arts and styles. Also pure silk saris are available in a variety of colors with extraordinary work of glittering zari border and zaal all over it to bring out the beauty in it. These can be in various special occasions like weddings, parties, and festivals. Also there are collections of Bridal Pure Silk Saris to make your D-day special in the market. Also the various sub-categories in silk saris like Benarasi silk, Butter silk, Cot silk, Crepe silk, Garhwal, Jamavar silk, Jamdani Silk, Kanchipuram silk, Orissa silk, Patola silk, Raw silk, samu silk and south silk are available all over the market.

Its like a flooded all over the market. Also there is an option to customize the saris according to the customers demand of cost, designs and all other comfortable styles and fittings. So pure silk saris improve the quality of everything irrespective of customers and market demands.

The popularity of sarees has reached such a height that the people from abroad prefer wearing sarees during their visit in India.

To provide an essence of traditional look and to maintain an ever mounting popularity, the designers from India have strikingly adopted the traditions from Russia, China and Turkey. So, if you are looking for a stunning outfit, explore the Indian sarees to market to get an astounding look and feel. Sarees are easily available in the market with the mind-boggling designs as there are abundant number of sellers in market and this competitive world.

Due to the mounting competition in market seller sells there product in all ranges according to the market demands and to enhance there sell.

This enables the buyer to find sarees at cheap rates without compromising on the quality according to the market condition.

For more information on Pure silk sarees you can visit our website http://renukasilks.com

Men’s Fashion In India

A style in clothing, accessories and footwear is called Fashion. The latest creation made by designers is also considered in Fashion. Mostly people believe that fashion means clothing. So the people keep on buying and changing the patterns of costumes occasionally. The clothing for men in India keeps on changing as per to the climates. Being moderate climate in India, it is very easy for Indians to wear various outfits.

In India, fashion is mostly considered as clothing in Men. The clothing is different in different states. Mostly People in India come out in fashion during festivals or some occasion like weddings, etc. Dhoti, Kurta,and Sherwani are also clothing of Indian fashion. Dhoti is always worn by men in villages. The Trousers which are loose around the hips but are tight around the ankle, known as Churidars are worn below the Sherwanis.

After the British ruled in India, the western clothing has been increased here. Mostly people living in urban areas prefer to wear both Indian and western clothing and creates a unique style. Today, at workplace also people prefer to wear formal wears, like shirts and trousers. The trousers are always worn dark in coloured than shirts. Men in India also wear different type of Hats, sunglasses, and other accessories for style. There are many other western outfits which are been worn in India occasionally. But maximum men in villages are still wearing the traditional dresses like kurta, pyjama, lungi and dhoti. In India, religious style of dressing is also worn by men.

Men are also paying attention to their looks nowadays. There is equal importance given to the mens fashion as that of women. T-shirts and Jeans are mostly worn by men in cities. It is very important to choose the T-shirts with comforting fabrics. Previously in olden days, men used to wear relaxed styles of material. But now, the present trending includes more fitted styles in clothing. Round necks and long sleeves t-shirts will be more useful during winter. And in summer, short sleeves t-shirts matched with sleeveless vests are perfect clothing for men. Cotton materials are mostly preferred during hot weather.

Bollywood cinema is playing a major role in bringing the fashion in India. The celebrities wear different type of accessories and clothing in movies. Looking at them people also try to wear the same on the Indian streets. Many youngsters grow in style. Maximum people are always looking out for latest fashion and try to wear them on streets. Like, the dressing style worn by Salman Khan in any movie will be worn by many men the very next day of that movie release. Not only the dressing style but also it is accessories that matters. The cool locket worn by Shahrukh Khan in film Kuch Kuch Hota Hai made men crazy behind wearing the similar kind of lockets for years.

Men should always try to wear what suits to their body frame. Age never matters, dressing as per to the latest trend and a perfect choice of styling is important. Over dressing should be avoided to express you. One should always come out in a decent dressing outfit. Every time to wear the lockets or bracelets are not helpful, the footwears which suits your dressing style should also be considered.

Indian Women Set To End Denim Blues

Market Share for Ladies Category in India to Jump Three-Fold in Four Years

The rugged fabric is desperately seeking female attention. With women constituting only 8% of the ‘4,700-crore Indian denim markets, the fabric is keen to drape the fairer sex. Denim makers say men led the 10- fold jump in consumption over the last 15 years and now, it is over to women to lead the next growth phase. At present, for each 100 men who own a pair of jeans, there are 15 women. This ratio will change to 100:30 by 2015, predict garmenters, even as designers work on newer trends that would appeal to women.

Ashish Dhir, head, Fashion Practice at Technopak, says women’s denim category would grow 23% much faster than men’s 15% annually. The market share of women’s denim too would grow from 8% t0 25% by 2014.

So, be it a pair of jeggings (skin-fit style), a coloured jeans for a flashy teenager or a denim trousers for a working woman, retailers expect women to end saturation in the market.

The Indian consumers are still far away from their American counterpart, but are fast catching up. Denim exponent Sandeep Agarwal of b2b portal denimandjeans.com says: “While an American purchases 1.9 pair of jeans per annum; Indians buy 0.3 units currently, a ten-fold jump over 1995 levels. Further, with Indian women yet to accept jeans, there is ample opportunity for the category to grow. While in case of men, the urban-rural ratio of denim consumption is 70:30, in case of women it is 100% urban. In cities, women in the age group of 15-45 purchase around 1.7 jeans per year, against 1.9 jeans bought by men annually, adds Dhir.

Subir Mukherjee, marketing head of India’s largest denim-maker Arvind Ltd, says denim is awaiting a trigger which could come from C and D (towns and villages) pockets.

With women not in the loop of the fabric, all retailers have focused on the category for growth, he says. “While acceptance of denim would require a change in mindset, India should expect women in big numbers to take to denim in the next five years. The category should grow to at least 30% then, “says Mukherjee who has seen composition of stretch denim fabrics that are typically used in women’s denim growing from 10-12% to more than 20% over the last few years. Arvind Ltd supplies fabric to Levi’s Strauss, Lee, Wrangler, Pepe and Spyker.

Apparel retailer Pantaloons too has witnessed tremendous excitement in the category. Zahid Shaikh, (head marketing) at Pantaloons says: “Denim is an ever popular fabric and the usage is increasing tremendously day after day. Denim is the largest category for Pantaloons next to women’s ethnic wear.” A pantaloon retails denim brands like Bare Denim, UMM for men and women and Jealous 21 for women.

Rahul Mehta, president of Clothing Manufacturers’ Association of India, who supplies denim garments to retailers like Pantaloons, Big Bazaar, Lifestyle and Reliance, says sociological changes have given a big boost to the women’s denim category in India. “Five years ago, for 100 denim garments-stitched for men, mere 2- 3 would be for women. Now, it is 100: 10-15 and five years from now, it would be 100:30-35,” he says.

Mehta reasons that with young adults and women accepting slim-fit denim jeans as a bottomwear against their ethnic pyjamas or churidars, there is a cultural revolution that is sweeping the denim retail. “Girls have begun teaming their knits, kurtis, kurtas with either a pair of jeans or jeggings, a new concept in India. In fact, owing to their closeness in tenns of comfort, feel and look to an Indian bottomwear, denim jeans are being adopted subtly and in an ethnic manner by the Indian women,” says the garmenter of Mumbai based Creative Garments Group, for whom women’s jeans contribute 50% to the kitty.

Taking a cue from the consumer, Arun Sirdeshmukh, (chief executive) at Reliance Trends has introduced jeggings at ‘ 499. “Brands are n playing their games keeping in mind that teenage girls, working women and new-age d mothers have begun adopting denim in their n everyday lives,” adds PR Roy, (director), fibre2fashion.